The safety of 10 million inhabitants and sustainable economic development of Indonesia’s National Capital is at stake. Indonesia needs to rise to this giant challenge in order to protect the Jakarta metropolitan area against permanent flooding. Despite the huge costs, the far-reaching implications, decision makers already have committed themselves to the program and the strategy, understanding that there a no alternatives but to abandon North Jakarta.
The NCICD program is ‘giant’ in all aspects. Not only a ‘giant’ sea wall needs to be constructed (over 35 km long, in waters of over 15 meters depth), but also water sanitation needs to be implemented in a metropolitan area that is already struggling with rapid urbanization on a massive scale. In the short term several thousands of households near the current sea wall and adjacent river embankments need to be resettled to allow construction of the short term flood defenses. Not an easy task in an already overpopulated city. Moreover there is a wide range of issues which will have to be addressed, like the future of the fishing communities and fishing ports, the mainport Tanjung Priok (Indonesia’s largest port), the three power stations on the current coastline and the protected mangrove sites.
A Program Management Unit (PMU) will be established for swift and effective implementation of NCICD. The PMU also addresses matching the huge financial upfront investments with the future returns from land reclamations and property developments. Finally the PMU will also address the organization of effective operation and maintenance and monitoring of the implemented measures.