With support by the government of The Netherlands, the government of Indonesia and Jakarta have been working together for years to reduce and prevent floods in the National Capital of Indonesia. However, the speed and magnitude of land subsidence is such that the need for a comprehensive strategy became clear soon after the 2007 flood. Between 2009 and 2012 the blueprint for this strategy was developed in the Jakarta Coastal Defense Strategy project (JCDS). The key approach would be that 3 lines of ‘sea defenses’ would be created over a period of 20-30 years.
In 2013 the JCDS project was followed up by the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development program (NCICD), taking the offshore solution as a starting point. The name of the NCICD program reflects two developments. Firstly the understanding that this is a project of national importance which also stretches beyond the city limits of Jakarta: measures in adjacent and upstream areas are also part of the strategy. Secondly, the insight that a project of such magnitude will have significant positive and negative impacts on the coastal zone, which creates the need for an integrated development rather than a civil engineering approach.
Up to 2014 a Master Plan will be developed, together with an implementing organization model and an investment strategy.